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中国无机分析化学:2011,1(1):24-31
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羟基聚合铝晶体研究进展
(1 南京大学化学化工学院,江苏,南京 21009 2 广西师范学院化学系,广西,南宁 530001;2.南京大学化学化工学院,江苏,南京 21009)
Research progress of hydroxyl polymeric aluminum crystals
(1 School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, China;2 Department of Chemistry, Guangxi Normal University, Nanning, 530001, China;3.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, China;4.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210094, China;5.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210095, China;6.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210096, China;7.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210097, China;8.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210098, China;9.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210099, China;10.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210100, China;11.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210101, China;12.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210102, China;13.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210103, China)
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投稿时间:2010-11-24    修订日期:2010-12-28
中文摘要: 羟基聚合铝的研究在环境化学中具有重要作用。自然条件下存在的无机单核铝本身具有毒性,而多核铝是比单核铝更毒的铝形态,它们很容易进入人体和植物产生毒害作用。因此,水解聚合铝形态研究一直是环境化学、地球化学和材料催化等众多研究领域的前沿热点课题。本文综述了在新环境材料开发中羟基聚合铝晶体研究的进展,对已获得表征的典型羟基聚合铝的结构特点进行了对比与评述,讨论了不同羟基聚合铝晶体的科学意义和应用价值。
中文关键词: 羟基聚合铝晶体  研究进展
Abstract:Speciation of hydroxyl polymeric aluminum is very important in the environmental chemistry due to the uncertain toxicity of hydroxyl polymeric aluminum. It has been reported that natural inorganic monomeric aluminum species are toxic to biological systems. However, polyaluminum might be more toxic than monomeric aluminum, because polyaluminum is more easily penetrating into human body and plant. Therefore, the structural characterizations of hydrolytic polymeric aluminum in solutions become the research focuses in the fields of environmental analysis, geochemistry and material catalysis etc. The progresses for studying a few hydroxyl polymeric aluminum crystals designed and synthesized as new environmental materials are reviewed in this paper. Some comparisons and comments were made on the structural characteristic of some typical hydroxyl polymeric aluminum crystals which of structures were well characterized before. Scientific significance and practical application potentials of the new hydroxyl polymeric aluminum crystals were also discussed.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金(No.20777030&NFFTBS-J0630425)资助项目
引用文本:
谢跃生,杨程,金晓艳,杨文静,钱兆生,张境,韩韦英,邵钦,俞挺,常方,冯桂英,毕树平.羟基聚合铝晶体研究进展[J].中国无机分析化学,2011,1(1):24-31.
XIE Yuesheng,YANG Cheng,JIN Xiaoyan,YANG Wenjing,QIAN Zhaosheng,ZHANG Jing,HAN Weiying,SHAO Qin,YU Ting,CHANG Fang,FENG Guiying,BI Shuping.Research progress of hydroxyl polymeric aluminum crystals[J].Chinese Journal of Inorganic Analytical Chemistry,2011,1(1):24-31.

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